Tuesday, 23 February 2010

Pattern in Architecture

Since the decline in the popularity of modernist architecture and its strict ideas on pure form decoration and the use of pattern within architecture has been flourishing. Once reserved only for interior decoration pattern has started to be integrated into the fabric of buildings; in cladding systems and also through the use of materials.

Klein Dytham Architects - Japan
The Leaf Chapel

This small wedding chapel sits in the grounds of a hotel in the leafy area near the Japanese Alps. It is formed of 2 leaves which overlap, the outer leaf is pierced with 4700 holes each filled with an acrylic lens. The pattern is meant to represent the lace on a brides veil and when the wedding ceremony is finished the leaf opens up to reveal the landscape beyond.

Claesson Koivisto Rune - Japan

Sfera Building

The Sfera Building is a cultural centre in the old part of Kyoto. The architects were inspired by the traditional use of bamboo screening to create a contemporary screen of their own. They picked cherry leaves from a local tree and laid them on to a light box in their office, they then photographed the leaves which formed the basis of the screen pattern. Using computer design they manipulated the image into a series of punched holes. The final screen was made from pierced titanium panels which appear almost transparent when lit internally at night and create decorative shadows during the day.

My Own Experiments

I had already been playing with the idea of a pierced surface pattern after looking at the work of Atelier Domino and experimented by using a pin and white paper to recreate my pattern design.

The left hand image is the original and on the right I have inverted it to more clearly show the design.

Design with light shining through it.

As well as the 2 examples of pierced hole facades in the Leaf Chapel and Sfera Building I was also inspired by the work of Tord Boontje.

Little Flowers Falling - Laser Cut Design.

My own photograph of my 'Garland' light and the beautiful shadows it creates.

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